About the names Angelɑ, Anzhelɑ, Anjelɑ…


Now we shall discuss the names Angela [ɑngelɑ], Angelina [ɑngelɪnɑ], Anjela  [ɑndʒelɑ], Anjelina [ɑndʒelɪnɑ], Angel [eɪndʒ(ə)l] (Anglo-German variant), Anzhel [ɑnʒel], Anzhela [ɑnʒelɑ], Anzhelika [ɑnʒelɪkɑ] (French variant), Anjelo [ɑndʒelɒ], [ɑnxelɑ], Anxele  [ɑnxele], Anxel [ɑnxel] (Italian-Spanish variant).

According to the Armenian historiography the above mentioned names have Armenian origins, and they are related to the name of Angegh which is considered to be one of the Armenian ancient bird-like gods (deity). According to the ancient written sources people in Armenia worshiped bird-like angel-god, Angegh, that connected earthly and celestial lives. That is written by the VII century historian Sebeos (Sebeos, History, Yerevan, 2005, p. 15, 55; The History of Armenians, Yerevan 1971, volume 1, p. 484). The center of worship of this deity was the district Angegh Tun of Aghdznik Province of Great Armenia. The center of the district Angegh Tun was the fortress city Anggh (now Edil village in the northern part from Diyarbakir). So we notice that both names of the district and the fortress city came from the name of god Angegh. The fact that there are a lot of settlements with that name in Armenia shows that the cult worship of the deity Angegh was spread. Let’s   notice some of them: Anggh (Tsaghkotn district of Ayrarat), Angeghi, Angeghakot and Angeghadzor (Syunik), Anggh (near Lake Van).

In the IV century the district Angegh Tun was also known as Angelene (Roman pronunciation) (Arm. Sov. Encyclopedia, volume  I, Yerevan, 1974, p. 379).   It should also be mentioned that in Armenian and Indo-European languages there are many examples of l-gh /լ-ղ/ sound interchange: Alsheh, Alzi-Aghdznik, Alexander-Agheksandr, alphabet-aghpabet, Galia-Gaghia, Anglia-Angghia and etc.

It is interesting that a stone monument has lately been unearthed in Urha City (Urfa, Edessa) of Armenian Mesopotamia and on it was the image of god Angegh. This fact shows that still in ancient times the dwellers of that settlement worshiped  the bird-like Angegh deity, they knew about earthly life and afterlife and it was thought that the above mentioned deity connected those two worlds and etc.

A 12.000 year old ancient monument, uncovered in Armenian Mesopotamia, and comparative linguistics let us say that in Indo-European languages  (Indo-European dialects) all the above mentioned names are the names of bird-like Angegh ancient deity.  Indo-Europeans (Armenian, Aryan tribes) whose primarily homeland is Armenia took this word from Angegh deity and pronounced it with the peculiarities of those languages (dialects): Angela [ɑngelɑ], Anzhela [ɑnʒelɑ], Anjela [ɑndʒelɑ],  Anxela [ɑnxelɑ] and etc.

 

Безымянный-է

The image of the bird-like god Angegh /Angel/ on the stone monument

/Portasar archeological place/

 

Angela Teryan

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